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Nursultan Abishevich NAZARBAYEV

发布时间:2013-03-29 19:46:34  浏览次数:2499431  来源:博鳌亚洲论坛

Nursultan Abishevich NAZARBAYEV

纳扎尔巴耶夫

哈萨克斯坦总统

努尔苏丹·阿比舍维奇·纳扎尔巴耶夫,1940年7月6日生于阿拉木图州,现年73岁,哈萨克族,经济学博士。毕业于卡拉干达冶金联合企业高等技术学校和苏共中央高级党校函授班。曾任卡拉干达州党委第一书记、哈共中央书记、哈萨克苏维埃社会主义共和国部长会议主席、哈共中央第一书记、哈萨克苏维埃社会主义共和国最高苏维埃主席、哈萨克苏维埃社会主义共和国总统等职,曾当选苏共中央政治局委员。1991年12月,当选独立后的哈萨克斯坦共和国首任总统。1995年4月,哈萨克斯坦全民公决将纳扎尔巴耶夫总统的任期延至2000年。1999年1月10日,纳扎尔巴耶夫在提前举行的总统大选中获连任。2011年4月,纳扎尔巴耶夫在提前举行的总统选举中以95.5%的高票再次连任,任期至2016年。已婚,有3个女儿。1991年至今已18次来华访问或休假、参加“上海五国”和上海合作组织峰会、北京奥运会开幕式、博鳌亚洲论坛年会(2009年)。

He was born on July 6, 1940 in the village of Chemolgan, Kaskelen District, Almaty region. In 1967, he graduated from the Highest Technical Educational Institution at the Karaganada Metallurgic Works. He is a Doctor in Economics, Academician of the National Academy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, International Academy of Engineering, Russian Federation Academy of Social Sciences, Honorable Professor of the Al-Farabi Kazakh State National University, Honorable Member of the Academy of Science of the Republic of Belarus, Honorable Professor of the Lomonosov Moscow State University. From 1960 through 1969, he worked at the Karaganda Metallurgical Works. From 1969 through 1973, he was involved in the Party and Komsomol work in Temirtau of the Karaganda region. From 1973 to 1977, he was a secretary of the party committee at the Karaganda Metallurgic Works. From 1977 through 1979, he served as secretary, and then second secretary of the Regional Committee of the Party in Karaganda. From 1979 through 1984, he served as Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan. From 1984 through 1989, he was a Chairman of the Ministers Council of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. From 1989 through 1991, he served as First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan. From February to April 1990, he concurrently served as Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. Since April 1990, he is a President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. On December 1, 1991 the first national presidential elections were held where Nursultan Nazarbayev had been supported by 98.7 percent of electors. On April 29, 1995 the powers of the President Nursultan Nazarbayev have been prolonged till 2000 as a result of the national referendum. On January 10, 1999 he was elected the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the alternative basis with 79.78 per cent of electors. On December 4, 2005 he was again elected President of the Republic of Kazakhstan supported by 91.15 per cent of electors. On June 14, 2010 the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan No.289-IV “On Introduction of Amendments and Supplements to Certain Constitutional Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the Issues of Improvement of the Legislation in the Field of Ensuring the Activity of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - the Leader of the Nation” came into force. On April 3, 2011 he was again elected President of the Republic of Kazakhstan supported by 95.5 per cent of electors. The Supreme Commander in Chief of the Armed Services of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The Chairman of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan. The Chairman of the “Nur Otan” People’s Democratic Party. The Chairman of the Security Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Spouse – Sara Alpysovna Nazarbayeva, since February 1992 – the founder and the president of the “Bobek” International Children Charitable Fund. Since July 1994, S.Nazarbayeva is the president of the “SOS – Children’s Villages Kazakhstan”. The President has three daughters. Nazarbayeva Dariga Nursultanovna (born in 1963) is the eldest daughter. She has two sons and one daughter. She is a Doctor in Political Science. Dariga is the Majilis deputy of the Parliament of 5th convocation and Chairwoman of the Socio-Cultural Development Committee. Kulibayeva Dinara Nursultanovna (born in 1967) is the middle daughter. She has a son and two daughters. Since 2004, she chairs the Board of Directors of the Kazakh-British Technical University. Nazarbayeva Aliya Nursultanovna (born in 1980) is the youngest daughter. She has two daughters. Aliya chairs the “Elitstroy” Construction Company.