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Hon Peter COSTELLO AC

发布时间:2013-03-28 13:54:03  浏览次数:1207323  来源:博鳌亚洲论坛

Hon Peter COSTELLO AC

Peter Costello曾担任律师长达十年,之后进入澳大利亚国会工作超过十九年。2009年12月,Peter Costello被任命为澳大利亚未来基金监护人。1996年3月至2007年12月,他担任澳大利亚联邦国库部长,创下任期最长记录。在此期间,他负责外商投资政策、竞争(反托拉斯)政策、企业监管、养老金、税收政策与联邦预算。他出台了十二份联邦预算、缩减政府债务净额,并设立了澳大利亚未来基金。担任国库部长期间,澳大利亚主权债务级别提高了两次,达到目前的AAA级别。Peter Costello与澳大利亚证券与投资委员会及1998年成立的澳大利亚金融监督管理局共同制定了澳大利亚金融监管制度,并出台了2001年的《金融服务改革法》。他与澳大利亚储备银行达成一致,出台了澳大利亚的货币政策目标。Peter Costello还担任过世界银行与亚洲开发银行理事达10年以上。他也曾任国际货币基金组织委员会委员。他曾经担任经合组织部长级及亚太经合组织财政部长级会议的主席。亚洲金融危机过后,他参与创立了G20,并于2006年出任G20全球主席。Peter Costello一直是澳大利亚Fairfax and News Limited报纸的专栏作家,并经常发表于《金融时报》和《华尔街日报》。Peter Costello持有蒙纳士大学文科学士与法律学士(荣誉)学位。他现任世界银行独立顾问委员会主席,负责提供透明性与反腐败措施的建议。

Peter Costello practiced as a lawyer for ten years before entering the Australian Parliament where he served over nineteen years. In December 2009 Peter Costello was appointed a Guardian of the Australian Future Fund. From March 1996 to December 2007 he was Treasurer of the Commonwealth of Australia, a record term. During this period he was responsible for foreign investment policy, competition (anti-trust) policy, corporate regulation, superannuation, tax policy and the Federal Budget. He brought down twelve Federal Budgets, eliminated government debt in net terms and established Australia’s Future Fund. During his period as Treasurer, Australia’s sovereign rating was upgraded twice to its current AAA level. Peter Costello set up Australia’s system of financial regulation with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission and the Australian Prudential Regulatory Authority established in 1998 and the Financial Services Reform Act of 2001. He introduced Australia’s monetary policy targets by agreement with the Reserve Bank of Australia. For more than a decade Peter Costello was a Governor of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. He was also a member of the Committee of the International Monetary Fund. He has been Chairman of the OECD Ministerial and the APEC Finance Ministers. He was involved in the establishment of the G20 after the Asian Financial Crisis and was Global Chairman of the G20 in 2006. Peter Costello has been a columnist for Australia’s Fairfax and News Limited papers and has been published in the Financial Times and the Wall St Journal. Peter Costello has Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws (with Honours) degrees from Monash University. He is currently Chairman of the Independent Advisory Board of the World Bank which advises on transparency and anti-corruption measures.