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Julia Eileen Gillard

发布时间:2013-03-28 12:43:33  浏览次数:2523359  来源:博鳌亚洲论坛

Julia Eileen Gillard

朱莉娅·吉拉德于2010年6月24日宣誓就任澳大利亚第27任总理。在赢得2010年澳大利亚联邦大选后,她又于2010年9月14日连任总理。吉拉德女士于1961年出生于英国威尔士的巴瑞,父母分别为护士和养老院工作人员。她的全家在1966年移民到澳大利亚阿德莱德。吉拉德女士和家人于1974年成为澳大利亚公民,在放弃英国国籍之后,她进入了澳大利亚国会。吉拉德女士早年就读于南澳大利亚州的米查姆示范学校与安利高中。她起初在阿德莱德大学攻读文学和法学学位。1983年,她当选“澳大利亚学生联合会”全国教育副主席,并移居墨尔本,在墨尔本大学继续攻读学位。同年,她又当选澳大利亚学生联合会主席。吉拉德女士毕业后在墨尔本的斯莱特·戈登律师事务所担任律师,并于1990年成为该律所的合伙人。吉拉德女士在律所主要负责劳工法方面的案件,为遭受不正当解雇及工作场所纠纷的雇员做代理律师。 1996年至1998年,吉拉德女士担任维多利亚州反对党领袖约翰·布伦比的办公室主任。吉拉德女士在1998年首次代表澳大利亚工党竞争联邦大选拉洛选区席位,并于当年当选。1998年至2001年,吉拉德女士任职于众议院就业、教育和劳动关系常务委员会。2001年,吉拉德女士被任命为影子内阁人口和移民部长,在2003年又负责原著民和解事务。2003年至2006年,吉拉德女士担任影子内阁卫生部长。2006年12月4日,吉拉德女士当选澳工党领袖副手,并且担任影子内阁就业、劳动关系和社会融入部长。2007年澳大利亚联邦大选工党获胜后,吉拉德女士宣誓就任联邦政府副总理,同时担任教育、就业、劳工关系及社会融入部长。吉拉德总理同她的伴侣提姆·马西森居住在堪培拉的总理官邸。

 

Julia Gillard was sworn in as the 27th Prime Minister of Australia on 24 June 2010 and re-sworn in as Prime Minister on 14 September 2010 following the 2010 Federal Election. Ms Gillard was born in Barry, Wales in 1961, the daughter of a nurse and aged care worker. Her family migrated to Australia in 1966 and she grew up in Adelaide. Ms. Gillard became an Australian citizen in 1974 along with the rest of her family, and renounced her British citizenship before entering Parliament. Ms. Gillard was educated at Mitcham Demonstration School and Unley High School in South Australia. Julia Gillard started her arts and law degree at the University of Adelaide. In 1983 she was elected National Education Vice-President of the Australian Union of Students (AUS) and moved to Melbourne to complete her degree at Melbourne University. Later that year, she was elected President of the AUS. After graduating Ms. Gillard began work as a solicitor in Melbourne with the law firm Slater and Gordon and became a Partner in 1990. Ms. Gillard's work at the firm focused on employment law where she represented employees who had battled unfair dismissals and workplace disputes. From 1996 to 1998 she served as Chief-of-Staff to the then Opposition Leader of the State of Victoria, John Brumby. Julia Gillard first contested the Federal seat of Lalor for the Australian Labor Party in 1998 and was elected that year. From 1998 to 2001 Ms. Gillard served on the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Employment, Education and Workplace Relations. In 2001 Ms. Gillard was appointed Shadow Minister for Population and Immigration and subsequently took on responsibilities for Reconciliation and Indigenous Affairs in 2003. From 2003 to 2006 Ms. Gillard served as Shadow Minister for Health. On 4 December 2006 Ms. Gillard was appointed Deputy Leader of the Australian Labor Party and served as Shadow Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations and Social Inclusion. Following the Australian Labor Party's victory at the 2007 Federal Election, Ms. Gillard was sworn in as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Education, Employment and Workplace Relations and Social Inclusion. Julia Gillard lives at The Lodge in Canberra with her partner, Tim Mathieson.