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若泽·亚历山大·沙纳纳·古斯芒

Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO
Prime Minister and Minister, Defense and Security of Timor- Leste

   

发布时间:2014-04-04 16:22:34  浏览次数:1231247  来源:博鳌亚洲论坛

若泽·亚历山大·沙纳纳·古斯芒

Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO
Prime Minister and Minister, Defense and Security of
Timor- Leste
若泽·亚历山大·沙纳纳·古斯芒
东帝汶总理和国防部部长
Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão is the Prime Minister and Minister of Defense and Security of Timor- Leste. In 2012 he was elected for a second five year term. Before becoming Prime Minister, in 2002 Xanana Gusmão was elected as the first President of the Republic since the Restoration of Independence and served in this position until May 2007. During the 24 occupation of Timor-Leste, Xanana Gusmão led the resistance struggle for self determination and the liberation of his people. In 1981, he was elected leader of the Resistance and Commander-in-Chief of the FALINTIL (National Liberation Armed Forces of Timor-Leste). A year after the Santa Cruz massacre, Xanana Gusmão, after 17 years of guerrilla warfare, was captured on November 20, 1992 in the capital Díli. He faced a kangaroo-court trial and was imprisoned in Indonesia. In prison, Xanana Gusmão continued to lead the Resistance, while studying Bahasa Indonesia, English and law. He also painted and wrote poetry. On 30 August 1999, the Timorese people voting in an UN-sponsored referendum overwhelmingly rejected the autonomy proposal put forth by Indonesia, signalling the end of the Indonesian occupation and the beginning of a UN transitional process. Xanana Gusmão was released on 7 September 1999.
若泽·亚历山大·沙纳纳·古斯芒(Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão)是东帝汶总理和 国防部部长。2012 年连任总理,开始第二个五年总理生涯。在任总理前,2002 年,古斯芒被选为东帝汶共和国独立以来的第一任总统,并一直在此职位上任职 至 2007 年 5 月。在东帝汶被占领的24年中,古斯芒一直领导人们进行反抗运动 以实现人民的独立与自由。1981年,他被选举为阵线领导人和东帝汶全国解放武 装力量(FALINTIL)总司令。圣克鲁斯大屠杀一年后,领导过17年游击战争的古 斯芒于1992年11月20日在首都帝力被捕。 他受到“私设法庭”的审判,之后被 囚禁在印度尼西亚。在监狱里,古斯芒继续领导着东帝汶的武装斗争,还专心学 习英语、印尼语和法律。同时绘画和写诗。1999年8月30日,东帝汶人在联合国 支持组织的全民投票中,以压倒性投票反对印度尼西亚提出的自治提议,标志着 被印尼占领历史的结束,和联合国过渡进程的开始。古斯芒于1999年9月7日被释放。